One day like today but 586 years ago Joan of Arc was condemned as heresy for the english church. A may 30, 1431 for the morning Joan was dressed in a white tunic, led to the old market of Ruán (Northeastern France) while france shouted against her. She was tied to a stake burned like a piece of wood until she lost her conscience she ended up surrendering to the wings of death. She died poisoned by carbon dioxide being still a young woman, at the age of 19 years.
From peasant to warrior
Joan of Arc born in a small town of lorraine, Domremý on January 6, 1412 She was born during war conflict that involved France and England, (The war of a hundred years,1337–1453) . However she had a happy childhood whit her parents Jacques Darc and Isabelle and her four siblings . When she was 14 years began to have visions and hear strange voices “Mystical experiences” And ended up identifying those voices with two saints: Saint Catherine of Alexandria , Saint Margaret of Antioch and And the archangel Gabriel and eventually those confusing messages were becoming more clear, the voices told her, ordered her to mount an army to oraise the site of Orleans The young peasant went to Vaucouleurs, a town near Domremý, where Robert of Baudricourt, commander of the royal forces, was present. After several failed attempts in which Baudricourt scoffed at the little girl, a successful prediction of a defeat changed the skeptical commander who took her to court in Chinon
In 1429 Joan finally got an interview with the Dauphin, the future Charles VII. It seems that the dolphin tested the young woman hiding in the crowd and placing a member of the court in place. Out of the previous descriptions of the future monarch or because Juana had extraordinary gifts, the truth was that the maid was able to recognize the true dolphin. This fact and the words they had in a private interview convinced Charles that Joan was not a fraud.
Joan left for Orleans, marching a French army that would be victorious. The young maiden had become a warrior under God and France.
- On 17 July 1429 the dolphin was crowned in the Cathedral of Reims as Charles VII. Joan had managed to defeat the English and give Charles the crown of France.
- But from that moment the interests of both began to diverge. To a king’s pactic position, who sought to end the conflict by reaching peace agreements even at the expense of losing rights or territories was opposed by Joan, who, according to her voices, she should continue fighting to expel the enemy armies and her allies the Burgundians Of the French territory
- Although the king continued sending troops to Joan, these were scarce and the victories were giving way to the defeats. The capture of Joan was the end of his life as a warrior. Once in English hands, Charles VII could not or would not do anything to rescue who had helped him to ascend the throne of France. The anointed king thanks to Joan ignored the voices of the court, among them that of his lover Agnes Sorel, who asked him to mediate in the release of the young maid.
Condemned to the bonfire
Joan had been captured in 1430 at Compiègne, a town which the French troops tried to keep in their possession. In spite of the efforts of his companions, there was nothing he could do for her. After staying in several castles in captivity, Joan was delivered by the Burgundians to the English, who wanted to condemn the maiden who one day defeated their armies.
The trial was long. Joan was accused of heresy and dressing as a man, something totally forbidden for a woman. The defenders of Joan got that retracted of all the accusations and that she returned to dress like woman. But it seems to be that when they were in custody, they took off their clothes and changed it again by men’s dresses. Joam then reasserted herself in her beliefs, thus signing her death sentence.
23 years after Joan’s death, her family asked for a review of the case. Pope Calixto III created a commission that fully rehabilitated the young maiden. More than four centuries later, another pope, Benedict XV elevated Joan to the altars being canonized. On May 30, the date of her death, her feast day is celebrated.